RAS proteins play critical roles in various cellular processes, including growth and transformation. RAS proteins are subjected to protein stability regulation via the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, and glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3β) is a key player for the phosphorylation-dependent RAS degradation through proteasomes. GSK3β-mediated RAS degradation does not occur in cells that express a nondegradable mutant (MT) β-catenin. Here, we show that β-catenin directly interacts with RAS at the α-interface region that contains the GSK3β phosphorylation sites, threonine 144 and threonine 148 residues. Exposure of these sites by prior β-catenin degradation is required for RAS degradation. The introduction of a peptide that blocks the β-catenin-RAS interaction by binding to β-catenin rescues the GSK3β-mediated RAS degradation in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells that express MT β-catenin. The coregulation of β-catenin and RAS stabilities by the modulation of their interaction provides a mechanism for Wnt/β-catenin and RAS-ERK pathway cross-talk and the synergistic transformation of CRC by both APC and KRAS mutations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology