Coordination of the carbocyclic ring of hydroquinones to electrophilic transition-metal fragments such as Mn(CO) 3 + and Rh(COD) + produces stable π-bonded η 6-complexes that are activated to facile reversible deprotonation of the -OH groups. The deprotonations are accompanied by electron transfer to the transition metal, which acts as an internal oxidizing agent or electron sink. With manganese as the metal, the resulting η 5-semiquinone and η 4- quinone complexes have been used to synthesize one- two- and three-dimensional polymeric metal-organometallic coordination networks. With rhodium as the metal, the π-quinonoid complexes have been demonstrated to play a unique role in multifunctional C-C coupling catalysis and in the synthesis of new organolithium reagents. Both classes of π-quinonoid complexes appear to have significant applications in nanochemistry by providing an excellent vehicle for templating the directed self-assembly of nanoparticles into functional materials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Inorganic Chemistry