1700 Victims of intimate partner violence: Characteristics and clinical outcomes

C. L. Lau, W. M. Ching, W. L. Tong, Edward Ko Ling Chan, K. L. Tsui, C. W. Kam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the demographics and clinical outcomes of intimate partner violence victims presenting to an emergency department. Design: Retrospective, observational study. Setting: Emergency department of a regional hospital in Hong Kong. Patients: Adults presented with intimate partner violence during years 1999 to 2004. Results: We assessed 1695 victims of intimate partner violence with a mean age of 39 (range, 18-84) years, of whom 87% were female. Most of the patients were in the age-group of 31 to 40 years and the overall male-to-female ratio was 1:7. In Tin Shui Wai and Yuen Long districts, such cases appeared to be on the increase. Nearly two thirds (65%) of all the victims presented to the emergency department outside the office hours of medical social workers. Approximately 10% had been abused once before, and 40% more than twice. The head (39%), face (30%), upper limbs (37%), and lower limbs (17%) were commonly the injured parts. The majority (73%) had mild injuries; severe injuries being relatively less common. The latter included lacerations or cuts (6.6%), nasal bone fractures (0.3%), limb fractures (0.8%), and ruptured tympanic membranes (0.9%). In-patient management was undertaken for 8% of the victims, due to physical injury in 68% of these individuals and psychological trauma in the remaining 32%. The hospital admission rate dropped from 12% in 2001 to 4% in 2004. Conclusions: Variations in demographic data had a significant impact on future service planning and management of intimate partner violence. Accident and Emergency Department and Emergency Medicine Ward services together with extended social worker support could provide timely, multidisciplinary care to meet the various needs of victims and subsequently reduce hospital admissions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-457
Number of pages7
JournalHong Kong Medical Journal
Volume14
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1

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Hospital Emergency Service
Wounds and Injuries
Demography
Nasal Bone
Tympanic Membrane
Tin
Emergency Medicine
Lacerations
Bone Fractures
Hong Kong
Upper Extremity
Observational Studies
Lower Extremity
Extremities
Retrospective Studies
Age Groups
Head
Intimate Partner Violence
Social Workers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Lau, C. L., Ching, W. M., Tong, W. L., Chan, E. K. L., Tsui, K. L., & Kam, C. W. (2008). 1700 Victims of intimate partner violence: Characteristics and clinical outcomes. Hong Kong Medical Journal, 14(6), 451-457.
Lau, C. L. ; Ching, W. M. ; Tong, W. L. ; Chan, Edward Ko Ling ; Tsui, K. L. ; Kam, C. W. / 1700 Victims of intimate partner violence : Characteristics and clinical outcomes. In: Hong Kong Medical Journal. 2008 ; Vol. 14, No. 6. pp. 451-457.
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Lau, CL, Ching, WM, Tong, WL, Chan, EKL, Tsui, KL & Kam, CW 2008, '1700 Victims of intimate partner violence: Characteristics and clinical outcomes', Hong Kong Medical Journal, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 451-457.

1700 Victims of intimate partner violence : Characteristics and clinical outcomes. / Lau, C. L.; Ching, W. M.; Tong, W. L.; Chan, Edward Ko Ling; Tsui, K. L.; Kam, C. W.

In: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Vol. 14, No. 6, 01.12.2008, p. 451-457.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Objective: To investigate the demographics and clinical outcomes of intimate partner violence victims presenting to an emergency department. Design: Retrospective, observational study. Setting: Emergency department of a regional hospital in Hong Kong. Patients: Adults presented with intimate partner violence during years 1999 to 2004. Results: We assessed 1695 victims of intimate partner violence with a mean age of 39 (range, 18-84) years, of whom 87% were female. Most of the patients were in the age-group of 31 to 40 years and the overall male-to-female ratio was 1:7. In Tin Shui Wai and Yuen Long districts, such cases appeared to be on the increase. Nearly two thirds (65%) of all the victims presented to the emergency department outside the office hours of medical social workers. Approximately 10% had been abused once before, and 40% more than twice. The head (39%), face (30%), upper limbs (37%), and lower limbs (17%) were commonly the injured parts. The majority (73%) had mild injuries; severe injuries being relatively less common. The latter included lacerations or cuts (6.6%), nasal bone fractures (0.3%), limb fractures (0.8%), and ruptured tympanic membranes (0.9%). In-patient management was undertaken for 8% of the victims, due to physical injury in 68% of these individuals and psychological trauma in the remaining 32%. The hospital admission rate dropped from 12% in 2001 to 4% in 2004. Conclusions: Variations in demographic data had a significant impact on future service planning and management of intimate partner violence. Accident and Emergency Department and Emergency Medicine Ward services together with extended social worker support could provide timely, multidisciplinary care to meet the various needs of victims and subsequently reduce hospital admissions.

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Lau CL, Ching WM, Tong WL, Chan EKL, Tsui KL, Kam CW. 1700 Victims of intimate partner violence: Characteristics and clinical outcomes. Hong Kong Medical Journal. 2008 Dec 1;14(6):451-457.