1919 in dynamic East Asia: March First and May Fourth as a starting point for revolution

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The March First Movement and the May Fourth Movement are like mirrors reflecting each other’s relationship. This article uses the concept of “simultaneity” in global history to reevaluate the significance of both events in world history. It also examines the differences exhibited by the simultaneity of the two events from the perspective of an “interconnected East Asia.” After entering the world-system, imperial Japan, semi-colonial China, and colonial Korea occupied different positions within its hierarchical structure. Here we need to pay attention to the status-diverse but mutually influential conditions in East Asia. To see through the complexity of (semi)colonial modernity and find the inherent opportunities to overcome modernity, it is useful to analyze the “double project” of adapting to modernity and overcoming modernity. Since the 1920s, the two events have been continually reinterpreted in the vein of socio-historical changes. The question of how to remember the two is not only a historical question but also a practical question for the present. Now is truly the methodological turning point in exploring and reinterpreting the two events. The author will use the terms “March First Revolution” and “May Fourth Revolution” in an attempt to tackle this issue. The mass gatherings that took place during March First and May Fourth provide sufficient evidence to support the use of “revolution” to describe them. Although March First and May Fourth are part of two respective histories of Korea and China, at the same time they are part of East Asia’s and the world’s interconnected history.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-291
Number of pages15
JournalChinese Studies in History
Volume52
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 2

Fingerprint

East Asia
Revolution
Modernity
World History
Simultaneity
China
Global History
1920s
Turning Point
Japan
Historical Change
World System
Colonies
May Fourth Movement
Hierarchical Structure
Colonial Korea
History
Colonial Modernity
Korea

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • History

Cite this

@article{0238535648084368a23159e124532864,
title = "1919 in dynamic East Asia: March First and May Fourth as a starting point for revolution",
abstract = "The March First Movement and the May Fourth Movement are like mirrors reflecting each other’s relationship. This article uses the concept of “simultaneity” in global history to reevaluate the significance of both events in world history. It also examines the differences exhibited by the simultaneity of the two events from the perspective of an “interconnected East Asia.” After entering the world-system, imperial Japan, semi-colonial China, and colonial Korea occupied different positions within its hierarchical structure. Here we need to pay attention to the status-diverse but mutually influential conditions in East Asia. To see through the complexity of (semi)colonial modernity and find the inherent opportunities to overcome modernity, it is useful to analyze the “double project” of adapting to modernity and overcoming modernity. Since the 1920s, the two events have been continually reinterpreted in the vein of socio-historical changes. The question of how to remember the two is not only a historical question but also a practical question for the present. Now is truly the methodological turning point in exploring and reinterpreting the two events. The author will use the terms “March First Revolution” and “May Fourth Revolution” in an attempt to tackle this issue. The mass gatherings that took place during March First and May Fourth provide sufficient evidence to support the use of “revolution” to describe them. Although March First and May Fourth are part of two respective histories of Korea and China, at the same time they are part of East Asia’s and the world’s interconnected history.",
author = "Baik Youngseo",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/00094633.2019.1672402",
language = "English",
volume = "52",
pages = "277--291",
journal = "Chinese Studies in History",
issn = "0009-4633",
publisher = "M.E. Sharpe Inc.",
number = "3-4",

}

1919 in dynamic East Asia : March First and May Fourth as a starting point for revolution. / Youngseo, Baik.

In: Chinese Studies in History, Vol. 52, No. 3-4, 02.10.2019, p. 277-291.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - 1919 in dynamic East Asia

T2 - March First and May Fourth as a starting point for revolution

AU - Youngseo, Baik

PY - 2019/10/2

Y1 - 2019/10/2

N2 - The March First Movement and the May Fourth Movement are like mirrors reflecting each other’s relationship. This article uses the concept of “simultaneity” in global history to reevaluate the significance of both events in world history. It also examines the differences exhibited by the simultaneity of the two events from the perspective of an “interconnected East Asia.” After entering the world-system, imperial Japan, semi-colonial China, and colonial Korea occupied different positions within its hierarchical structure. Here we need to pay attention to the status-diverse but mutually influential conditions in East Asia. To see through the complexity of (semi)colonial modernity and find the inherent opportunities to overcome modernity, it is useful to analyze the “double project” of adapting to modernity and overcoming modernity. Since the 1920s, the two events have been continually reinterpreted in the vein of socio-historical changes. The question of how to remember the two is not only a historical question but also a practical question for the present. Now is truly the methodological turning point in exploring and reinterpreting the two events. The author will use the terms “March First Revolution” and “May Fourth Revolution” in an attempt to tackle this issue. The mass gatherings that took place during March First and May Fourth provide sufficient evidence to support the use of “revolution” to describe them. Although March First and May Fourth are part of two respective histories of Korea and China, at the same time they are part of East Asia’s and the world’s interconnected history.

AB - The March First Movement and the May Fourth Movement are like mirrors reflecting each other’s relationship. This article uses the concept of “simultaneity” in global history to reevaluate the significance of both events in world history. It also examines the differences exhibited by the simultaneity of the two events from the perspective of an “interconnected East Asia.” After entering the world-system, imperial Japan, semi-colonial China, and colonial Korea occupied different positions within its hierarchical structure. Here we need to pay attention to the status-diverse but mutually influential conditions in East Asia. To see through the complexity of (semi)colonial modernity and find the inherent opportunities to overcome modernity, it is useful to analyze the “double project” of adapting to modernity and overcoming modernity. Since the 1920s, the two events have been continually reinterpreted in the vein of socio-historical changes. The question of how to remember the two is not only a historical question but also a practical question for the present. Now is truly the methodological turning point in exploring and reinterpreting the two events. The author will use the terms “March First Revolution” and “May Fourth Revolution” in an attempt to tackle this issue. The mass gatherings that took place during March First and May Fourth provide sufficient evidence to support the use of “revolution” to describe them. Although March First and May Fourth are part of two respective histories of Korea and China, at the same time they are part of East Asia’s and the world’s interconnected history.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075084188&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85075084188&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00094633.2019.1672402

DO - 10.1080/00094633.2019.1672402

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85075084188

VL - 52

SP - 277

EP - 291

JO - Chinese Studies in History

JF - Chinese Studies in History

SN - 0009-4633

IS - 3-4

ER -