1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) is known as a specific inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC). Previously, however, ODQ was reported to induce cell death via sGC-dependent and sGC-independent means in a variety of cell types. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which ODQ induces cell death in HeLa cells.Treatment of HeLa cells with ODQ induced a concentration-dependent decrease in cell viability over the range from 10 to 100μM. DNA fragmentation and fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis using annexin V and propidium iodide staining revealed that ODQ triggered apoptosis at concentrations of 50 and 100μM within 24 to 48. h. The addition of 8-Br-cGMP in the presence of ODQ failed to rescue HeLa cells from death, suggesting that the inhibition of sGC was not responsible for the pro-apoptotic action of ODQ. ODQ arrested the cell cycle at the G2/M phase and caused disassembly of the microtubule network. This process was reversed by dithiothreitol. In addition, ODQ was shown to inhibit the polymerization of purified tubulin, and this was also prevented by dithiothreitol. These results indicate that ODQ inhibits microtubule assembly by direct oxidation of tubulin, induces cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase, and triggers apoptosis in HeLa cells.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 May 6|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Research Fund from Yonsei University College of Dentistry for 2009.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology