Background: To investigate the surgical outcomes of implantable collamer lens (ICL) implantation in eyes with residual myopia after primary laser vision correction (LVC) surgeries. Methods: This study included patients who underwent ICL implantation and had a history of LVC surgery, including photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) or laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Visual acuity and refractive error were assessed pre and 3-months postoperatively and the efficacy and safety indices calculated accordingly. Results: A total of 30 eyes of 17 patients were included in this study. At 3 months, the mean logMAR uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), and spherical equivalent were − 0.03 ± 0.11 (include logMAR), − 0.04 ± 0.09 (include logMAR), and − 0.06 ± 0.33 diopters (D), respectively. The 3-month Snellen UDVA was better than 20/20 for 83% of eyes, and 97% of eyes showed an unchanged or improved CDVA after surgery. The mean efficacy and safety indices were 1.11 ± 0.22 and 1.13 ± 0.20, respectively. Further, 93 and 100% of eyes were within ±0.5 and ± 1.0 D of the attempted spherical equivalent refraction, respectively. Conclusions: ICL implantation in eyes with myopic regression after previous LVC surgery showed safe, effective, and predictable outcomes. Trial registration: retrospectively registered.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was Supported by the Basic Science Research Program (NRF-2021R1I1A1A01047951) of the National Research Foundation (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning. The funding organization had no role in the design or conduct of this study.
© 2021, The Author(s).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes