3D visual simulation and numerical measurement of privacy in traditional Korean palace

Ji Hyoun Hwang, Hyun Soo Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Traditional Korean architecture provides privacy through a proper balance of openness and enclosure through courtyard gardens. However, it is difficult to analyse privacy quantitatively in a threedimensional space. The analysis of visual privacy is a significant issue in resolving conflicts and enhancing comfort. This paper develops a computational algorithm for simulating and measuring privacy on the concept of prospect and refuge: a design strategy for psychological wellbeing. In order to visualize privacy, the prospect area ratio (PAR) and refuge area ratio (RAR) are used in 3D visual simulations. PAR and RAR calculate the area ratio of the hiding space or the visible space in the images collected from the 3D model. In addition, parametric algorithms are proposed to calculate PAR/RAR automatically. Finally, this research demonstrates a case study of Gyeongbokgung, one of the five palace buildings in Korea, to show methods and processes of the quantitative analysis of visual privacy. The outcome of this paper contributes to quantitative confirmation of spatial characteristics that clearly distinguish between public space and private space of Gyeongbokgung. The proposed method also shows great potentials to quickly obtain the numeric value of privacy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia
Subtitle of host publicationProtocols, Flows and Glitches
EditorsMarc Aurel Schnabel, Aleksandra Raonic, Patrick Janssen, Paul Loh
PublisherThe Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA)
Pages355-363
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9789881902689
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1
Event22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches, CAADRIA 2017 - Suzhou, China
Duration: 2017 Apr 52017 Apr 8

Publication series

NameCAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches

Other

Other22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches, CAADRIA 2017
CountryChina
CitySuzhou
Period17/4/517/4/8

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Enclosures
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

Cite this

Hwang, J. H., & Lee, H. S. (2017). 3D visual simulation and numerical measurement of privacy in traditional Korean palace. In M. A. Schnabel, A. Raonic, P. Janssen, & P. Loh (Eds.), CAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches (pp. 355-363). (CAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches). The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA).
Hwang, Ji Hyoun ; Lee, Hyun Soo. / 3D visual simulation and numerical measurement of privacy in traditional Korean palace. CAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches. editor / Marc Aurel Schnabel ; Aleksandra Raonic ; Patrick Janssen ; Paul Loh. The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), 2017. pp. 355-363 (CAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches).
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Hwang, JH & Lee, HS 2017, 3D visual simulation and numerical measurement of privacy in traditional Korean palace. in MA Schnabel, A Raonic, P Janssen & P Loh (eds), CAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches. CAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches, The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), pp. 355-363, 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches, CAADRIA 2017, Suzhou, China, 17/4/5.

3D visual simulation and numerical measurement of privacy in traditional Korean palace. / Hwang, Ji Hyoun; Lee, Hyun Soo.

CAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches. ed. / Marc Aurel Schnabel; Aleksandra Raonic; Patrick Janssen; Paul Loh. The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), 2017. p. 355-363 (CAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - Traditional Korean architecture provides privacy through a proper balance of openness and enclosure through courtyard gardens. However, it is difficult to analyse privacy quantitatively in a threedimensional space. The analysis of visual privacy is a significant issue in resolving conflicts and enhancing comfort. This paper develops a computational algorithm for simulating and measuring privacy on the concept of prospect and refuge: a design strategy for psychological wellbeing. In order to visualize privacy, the prospect area ratio (PAR) and refuge area ratio (RAR) are used in 3D visual simulations. PAR and RAR calculate the area ratio of the hiding space or the visible space in the images collected from the 3D model. In addition, parametric algorithms are proposed to calculate PAR/RAR automatically. Finally, this research demonstrates a case study of Gyeongbokgung, one of the five palace buildings in Korea, to show methods and processes of the quantitative analysis of visual privacy. The outcome of this paper contributes to quantitative confirmation of spatial characteristics that clearly distinguish between public space and private space of Gyeongbokgung. The proposed method also shows great potentials to quickly obtain the numeric value of privacy.

AB - Traditional Korean architecture provides privacy through a proper balance of openness and enclosure through courtyard gardens. However, it is difficult to analyse privacy quantitatively in a threedimensional space. The analysis of visual privacy is a significant issue in resolving conflicts and enhancing comfort. This paper develops a computational algorithm for simulating and measuring privacy on the concept of prospect and refuge: a design strategy for psychological wellbeing. In order to visualize privacy, the prospect area ratio (PAR) and refuge area ratio (RAR) are used in 3D visual simulations. PAR and RAR calculate the area ratio of the hiding space or the visible space in the images collected from the 3D model. In addition, parametric algorithms are proposed to calculate PAR/RAR automatically. Finally, this research demonstrates a case study of Gyeongbokgung, one of the five palace buildings in Korea, to show methods and processes of the quantitative analysis of visual privacy. The outcome of this paper contributes to quantitative confirmation of spatial characteristics that clearly distinguish between public space and private space of Gyeongbokgung. The proposed method also shows great potentials to quickly obtain the numeric value of privacy.

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M3 - Conference contribution

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A2 - Loh, Paul

PB - The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA)

ER -

Hwang JH, Lee HS. 3D visual simulation and numerical measurement of privacy in traditional Korean palace. In Schnabel MA, Raonic A, Janssen P, Loh P, editors, CAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches. The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA). 2017. p. 355-363. (CAADRIA 2017 - 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia: Protocols, Flows and Glitches).