Supported by excess triethylamine, 7-azaindole (HL) and dichlorodimethylsilane (Me2SiCl2), methyltrichlorosilane (MeSiCl3), and tetrachlorosilane (SiCl4) react, respectively, with formation of the 7-azaindol-1-yl-substituted silanes Me 2SiL2, MeSiL3, and SiL4. In these compounds the silicon atom adopts [4+2], [4+3], and [4+4] coordination, respectively, with the pyridine N atoms of the 7-azaindol-1-yl groups capping the tetrahedral Si coordination sphere from distances of >3 Å. Two pyridine nitrogen atoms of these silanes replace the acetonitrile ligands of [PdCl2(NCMe)2], thus forming the complexes Me 2Si(μ-L)2PdCl2, MeSiL(μ-L) 2PdCl2, and SiL2(μ-L)2PdCl 2. In addition to capping of the silicon coordination sphere by the pyridine N atoms of the dangling 7-azaindol-1-yl groups (in MeSiL(μ-L) 2PdCl2 and SiL2(μ-L)2PdCl 2), these three palladium complexes exhibit capping of one tetrahedral face of the Si coordination sphere by the palladium atom (with Si···Pd separations of 3.34, 3.43, and 3.31 Å, respectively). According to computational analyses, the paddlewheel complex ClSi(μ-L)4PdCl should be energetically favored over its isomer SiL2(μ-L)2PdCl2; however, isomerization into this paddlewheel compound requires higher temperatures (150 °C) or the addition of a Lewis acid (such as GaCl3).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry