This paper presents a 2.1 M pixel, 120 frame/s CMOS image sensor with column-parallel delta-sigma (Δ Σ) ADC architecture. The use of a second-order Δ Σ ADC improves the conversion speed while reducing the random noise (RN) level as well. The Δ Σ ADC employing an inverter-based Δ Σ modulator and a compact decimation filter is accommodated within a fine pixel pitch of 2.25-μm and improves energy efficiency while providing a high frame-rate of 120 frame/s. A prototype image sensor has been fabricated with a 0.13- μm CMOS process. Measurement results show a RN of 2.4 erms- and a dynamic range of 73 dB. The power consumption of the prototype image sensor is only 180 mW. This work achieves the energy efficiency of 1.7 e-nJ.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering