A 3-D camera with adaptable background light suppression using pixel-binning and super-resolution

Jihyun Cho, Jaehyuk Choi, Seong Jin Kim, Seokjun Park, Jungsoon Shin, James D.K. Kim, Euisik Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a CMOS time-of-flight (TOF) 3-D camera employing a column-level background light (BGL) suppression scheme for high-resolution outdoor imaging. The use of the column-level approach minimizes a pixel size for high-density pixel arrays. Pixel-binning and super-resolution can be adaptably applied for an optimal BGL suppression at given spatiotemporal resolutions. A prototype sensor has been fabricated by using 0.11 μm CMOS processes. The sensor achieved a fill factor of 24% in a pixel pitch of 5.9 μm which is the smallest among all the reported TOF cameras up to date. Measurement results showed the temporal noise of 1.47 cm-rms with a 100 ms integration time at a demodulation frequency of 12.5 MHz using a white target at 1 m distance. The non-linearity was measured as 1% over the range of 0.75 m ∼ 4 m. The BGL suppression over 100 klx was achieved from indoor and outdoor experiments, while the BGL-induced offset was maintained less than 2.6 cm under 0 ∼ 100 klx.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6873706
Pages (from-to)2319-2332
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1966-2012 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A 3-D camera with adaptable background light suppression using pixel-binning and super-resolution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this