A case of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma

Jin Young Jung, Hee Jung Lee, JuHee Lee, Kwanghoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a human malignancy associated with human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I), which frequently involves the skin. ATLL can be diagnosed based on clinicopathological findings and the presence of anti-HTLV-I serum antibodies and monoclonal integrated HTLV-I provirus in the DNA of tumor cells. It is characterized by leukemia, lymphadenopathy, hypercalcemia, and lytic bone lesions. We report a case of ATLL in a 59-year-old man who developed multiple, scattered papules on the face and trunk. He had a 3-month history of melena. The physical examination showed multiple cervical and axillary lymph node enlargements. On laboratory investigation, the white blood cell count was 113,900/mm3 with 70% atypical lymphocytes. Histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses of a skin and stomach biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of T-cell lymphoma. Final diagnosis of ATLL was made based on HTLV-I positivity. The patient underwent multiple cycles of combination chemotherapy and combination therapy of zidovudine and interferon- α which produced some improvement, but he died of pulmonary complications 3 months after the initial diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-62
Number of pages5
JournalKorean Journal of Dermatology
Volume45
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan 1

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Adult T Cell Leukemia Lymphoma
Human T-lymphotropic virus 1
HTLV-I Antibodies
Melena
Proviruses
Skin
Zidovudine
T-Cell Lymphoma
Hypercalcemia
Combination Drug Therapy
Leukocyte Count
Interferons
Physical Examination
Neoplasms
Stomach
Leukemia
Lymph Nodes
Lymphocytes
Biopsy
Bone and Bones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Jung, Jin Young ; Lee, Hee Jung ; Lee, JuHee ; Lee, Kwanghoon. / A case of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. In: Korean Journal of Dermatology. 2007 ; Vol. 45, No. 1. pp. 58-62.
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A case of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. / Jung, Jin Young; Lee, Hee Jung; Lee, JuHee; Lee, Kwanghoon.

In: Korean Journal of Dermatology, Vol. 45, No. 1, 01.01.2007, p. 58-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a human malignancy associated with human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I), which frequently involves the skin. ATLL can be diagnosed based on clinicopathological findings and the presence of anti-HTLV-I serum antibodies and monoclonal integrated HTLV-I provirus in the DNA of tumor cells. It is characterized by leukemia, lymphadenopathy, hypercalcemia, and lytic bone lesions. We report a case of ATLL in a 59-year-old man who developed multiple, scattered papules on the face and trunk. He had a 3-month history of melena. The physical examination showed multiple cervical and axillary lymph node enlargements. On laboratory investigation, the white blood cell count was 113,900/mm3 with 70% atypical lymphocytes. Histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses of a skin and stomach biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of T-cell lymphoma. Final diagnosis of ATLL was made based on HTLV-I positivity. The patient underwent multiple cycles of combination chemotherapy and combination therapy of zidovudine and interferon- α which produced some improvement, but he died of pulmonary complications 3 months after the initial diagnosis.

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