Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), which are used for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have been associated with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, including hepatic steatosis, lipodystrophy, myopathy, and lactic acidosis. Such adverse effects are postulated to result from the inhibition of mitochondrial DNA gamma polymerase, which causes the depletion of mitochondrial DNA and eventual the disruption of oxidative phosphorylation. Although cases of severe decompensated lactic acidosis are rare, this syndrome is associated with a high mortality rate. We report upon the first Korean case, of severe lactic acidosis in an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patient receiving stavudine, an anti- HIV drug.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine