A case report of mediastinal leiomyosarcoma

W. Y. Lee, K. H. Ahn, S. H. Jung, J. H. Koh, Byungsu Yoo, S. J. Yong, K. C. Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The leiomyosarcoma is uncommon tumor that consists of 10% of all sarcoma incidence and commonly arise from retroperitoneum or mesentery. But leiomyosarcoma arose from mediastinum is very rare and only incidental case report is present. Mediastinal leiomyosarcoma may originate from superior vena cava, pulmonary artery, small vessels of alveoli, esophagus and cardiac muscle. Common symptoms that are related with leiomyosarcoma of mediastinum are cough and dyspnea but dysphagia, chest pain and hemoptysis can be produced. Although long term survival after complete resection of tumor was reported in localized disease, there was no effective therapy that prolong the survival in patients who had disseminated disease or huge tumor mass. We report the case of posterior mediastinal leiomyosarcoma confirmed by aspiration cytology and immunohistochemical staining, along with a review of literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-662
Number of pages5
JournalTuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Volume41
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Dec 1

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Leiomyosarcoma
Mediastinum
Neoplasms
Superior Vena Cava
Mesentery
Survival
Hemoptysis
Deglutition Disorders
Chest Pain
Cough
Sarcoma
Dyspnea
Pulmonary Artery
Esophagus
Cell Biology
Myocardium
Staining and Labeling
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Lee, W. Y., Ahn, K. H., Jung, S. H., Koh, J. H., Yoo, B., Yong, S. J., & Shin, K. C. (1994). A case report of mediastinal leiomyosarcoma. Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, 41(6), 658-662.
Lee, W. Y. ; Ahn, K. H. ; Jung, S. H. ; Koh, J. H. ; Yoo, Byungsu ; Yong, S. J. ; Shin, K. C. / A case report of mediastinal leiomyosarcoma. In: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. 1994 ; Vol. 41, No. 6. pp. 658-662.
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Lee, WY, Ahn, KH, Jung, SH, Koh, JH, Yoo, B, Yong, SJ & Shin, KC 1994, 'A case report of mediastinal leiomyosarcoma', Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 658-662.

A case report of mediastinal leiomyosarcoma. / Lee, W. Y.; Ahn, K. H.; Jung, S. H.; Koh, J. H.; Yoo, Byungsu; Yong, S. J.; Shin, K. C.

In: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, Vol. 41, No. 6, 01.12.1994, p. 658-662.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The leiomyosarcoma is uncommon tumor that consists of 10% of all sarcoma incidence and commonly arise from retroperitoneum or mesentery. But leiomyosarcoma arose from mediastinum is very rare and only incidental case report is present. Mediastinal leiomyosarcoma may originate from superior vena cava, pulmonary artery, small vessels of alveoli, esophagus and cardiac muscle. Common symptoms that are related with leiomyosarcoma of mediastinum are cough and dyspnea but dysphagia, chest pain and hemoptysis can be produced. Although long term survival after complete resection of tumor was reported in localized disease, there was no effective therapy that prolong the survival in patients who had disseminated disease or huge tumor mass. We report the case of posterior mediastinal leiomyosarcoma confirmed by aspiration cytology and immunohistochemical staining, along with a review of literature.

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Lee WY, Ahn KH, Jung SH, Koh JH, Yoo B, Yong SJ et al. A case report of mediastinal leiomyosarcoma. Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. 1994 Dec 1;41(6):658-662.