A CMOS temperature sensor with a voltage-calibrated inaccuracy of ± 0.15 °c (37sigma;) From-55°C to 125°C

Kamran Souri, Youngcheol Chae, Kofi A.A. Makinwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the design of a low power, energy-efficient CMOS smart temperature sensor intended for RFID temperature sensing. The BJT-based sensor employs an energy-efficient 2nd-order zoom ADC, which combines a coarse 5-bit SAR conversion with a fine 10-bit ΔΣ conversion. Moreover, a new integration scheme is proposed that halves the conversion time, while requiring no extra supply current. To meet the stringent cost constraints on RFID tags, a fast voltage calibration technique is used, which can be carried out in only 200 msec. After batch calibration and an individual room-temperature calibration, the sensor achieves an inaccuracy of ±0.15°C 3σ from-55°C to 125°C. Over the same range, devices from a second lot achieved an inaccuracy of ± 0.25°C (3σ) in both ceramic and plastic packages. The sensor occupies 0.08 mm2 in a 0.16 μm CMOS process, draws 3.4 μA from a 1.5 V to 2 V supply, and achieves a resolution of 20 mK in a conversion time of 5.3 msec. This corresponds to a minimum energy dissipation of 27 nJ per conversion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6323049
Pages (from-to)292-301
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

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Temperature sensors
Calibration
Radio frequency identification (RFID)
Sensors
Electric potential
Smart sensors
Energy dissipation
Plastics
Temperature
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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A CMOS temperature sensor with a voltage-calibrated inaccuracy of ± 0.15 °c (37sigma;) From-55°C to 125°C. / Souri, Kamran; Chae, Youngcheol; Makinwa, Kofi A.A.

In: IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 48, No. 1, 6323049, 01.01.2013, p. 292-301.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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