A common-gate amplifier with transconductance nonlinearity cancellation and its high-frequency analysis using the volterra series

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Abstract

A common-gate (CG) amplifier employing a transconductance nonlinearity cancellation technique is designed for transmitter circuitry. The major contributor to the third-order nonlinearity in the CG amplifier is the second derivative of the transconductor ( g"m which is the same case with a common-source (CS) amplifier. The multiple gated transistor (MGTR) technique, which was developed in the CS amplifier for transconductor nonlinearity cancellation, is applied to a CG amplifier. However, in the CG amplifier, the input driving impedance of a CG amplifier comprises a voltagecurrent feedback loop. Thus, a second-order interaction with feedback components generates a third-order distortion that limits input-referred third-order intercept point (IIP3) enhancement. This feedback influence on IIP3 can be relaxed by eliminating harmonic feedback components. Based on high-frequency analysis on a CG amplifier using the Volterra series, an RF current source is proposed to replace the conventional current source in the CG amplifier to eliminate harmonic feedback components at 2Ω and ΔΩ. By adapting the CG MGTR technique combined with the RF current source, a 2.4-GHz driver amplifier for Wibro/Wimax applications was implemented using a 0.18-μm 1P 6M CMOS process. Measurement results show a 9-dB output third-order intercept point improvement at an output power of -3 dBm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4907243
Pages (from-to)1461-1469
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 1

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Transconductance
transconductance
cancellation
amplifiers
nonlinearity
Feedback
Transistors
Wimax
Transmitters
transistors
Derivatives
harmonics
output
transmitters
CMOS
impedance
augmentation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "A common-gate (CG) amplifier employing a transconductance nonlinearity cancellation technique is designed for transmitter circuitry. The major contributor to the third-order nonlinearity in the CG amplifier is the second derivative of the transconductor ( g{"}m which is the same case with a common-source (CS) amplifier. The multiple gated transistor (MGTR) technique, which was developed in the CS amplifier for transconductor nonlinearity cancellation, is applied to a CG amplifier. However, in the CG amplifier, the input driving impedance of a CG amplifier comprises a voltagecurrent feedback loop. Thus, a second-order interaction with feedback components generates a third-order distortion that limits input-referred third-order intercept point (IIP3) enhancement. This feedback influence on IIP3 can be relaxed by eliminating harmonic feedback components. Based on high-frequency analysis on a CG amplifier using the Volterra series, an RF current source is proposed to replace the conventional current source in the CG amplifier to eliminate harmonic feedback components at 2Ω and ΔΩ. By adapting the CG MGTR technique combined with the RF current source, a 2.4-GHz driver amplifier for Wibro/Wimax applications was implemented using a 0.18-μm 1P 6M CMOS process. Measurement results show a 9-dB output third-order intercept point improvement at an output power of -3 dBm.",
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