A common-gate amplifier with transconductance nonlinearity cancellation and its high-frequency analysis using the volterra series

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A common-gate (CG) amplifier employing a transconductance nonlinearity cancellation technique is designed for transmitter circuitry. The major contributor to the third-order nonlinearity in the CG amplifier is the second derivative of the transconductor g″m, which is the same case with a common-source (CS) amplifier. The multiple gated transistor (MGTR) technique, which was developed in the CS amplifier for transconductor nonlinearity cancellation, is applied to a CG amplifier. However, in the CG amplifier, the input driving impedance of a CG amplifier comprises a voltage-current feedback loop. Thus, a second-order interaction with feedback components generates a third-order distortion that limits input-referred third-order intercept point (IIP3) enhancement. This feedback influence on IIP3 can be relaxed by eliminating harmonic feedback components. Based on high-frequency analysis on a CG amplifier using the Volterra series, an RF current source is proposed to replace the conventional current source in the CG amplifier to eliminate harmonic feedback components at 2ω and δω . By adapting the CG MGTR technique combined with the RF current source, a 2.4-GHz driver amplifier for Wibro/Wimax applications was implemented using a 0.18- m 1P 6M CMOS process. Measurement results show a 9-dB output third-order intercept point improvement at an output power of -3 dBm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4907243
Pages (from-to)1461-1469
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Volume57
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

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Transconductance
transconductance
cancellation
amplifiers
nonlinearity
Feedback
Transistors
Wimax
Transmitters
transistors
Derivatives
harmonics
output
Electric potential
transmitters
CMOS
impedance
augmentation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Radiation

Cite this

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abstract = "A common-gate (CG) amplifier employing a transconductance nonlinearity cancellation technique is designed for transmitter circuitry. The major contributor to the third-order nonlinearity in the CG amplifier is the second derivative of the transconductor g″m, which is the same case with a common-source (CS) amplifier. The multiple gated transistor (MGTR) technique, which was developed in the CS amplifier for transconductor nonlinearity cancellation, is applied to a CG amplifier. However, in the CG amplifier, the input driving impedance of a CG amplifier comprises a voltage-current feedback loop. Thus, a second-order interaction with feedback components generates a third-order distortion that limits input-referred third-order intercept point (IIP3) enhancement. This feedback influence on IIP3 can be relaxed by eliminating harmonic feedback components. Based on high-frequency analysis on a CG amplifier using the Volterra series, an RF current source is proposed to replace the conventional current source in the CG amplifier to eliminate harmonic feedback components at 2ω and δω . By adapting the CG MGTR technique combined with the RF current source, a 2.4-GHz driver amplifier for Wibro/Wimax applications was implemented using a 0.18- m 1P 6M CMOS process. Measurement results show a 9-dB output third-order intercept point improvement at an output power of -3 dBm.",
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