In recent years, due to rapid changes in society, and climate change, cities have experienced difficulties in predicting various types of upcoming hazards and stresses. Uncertainties about the nature and extent of risks are increased especially when it comes to cities where interactions exist among various elements including human, society, economy, and culture. Considering limited prediction on inherent crises and difficulties in reaction plans, resilience strategy should be implemented prior to prevention strategy. The purpose of this study is to compare urban resilience levels of comprehensive plans for metropolitan areas with a population of over 1 million. Resilience measurements of capacity of resistance, adaptation, and recovery from external shocks and stresses will be applied to evaluate the level of urban resilience of cities in Korea. For the method of the study, it defined concepts of urban resilience through literature review, and derived indexes for urban resilience using preceding researches and case studies. Then, it developed detailed assessment indexes for evaluation of urban resilience level, and, finally, it evaluated and compared urban resilience level of comprehensive plans, using derived assessment indexes. As a result of the study, it suggested 56 assessment indexes and checklists in 8 sectors including land use plan, urban and residential environment, infrastructure, and more. The result of this study can be used as a base data for the future comprehensive plans when developing resilient cities.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work is financially supported by Korea Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (MOLIT) as U-CITY Master and Doctor Course Grant Program.
© 2017 WIT Press.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science(all)