A comparative evaluation of different compensating curves in the lingual and labial techniques using 3D FEM

Sang Jin Sung, Hyoung Seon Baik, Yoon Shik Moon, Hyung Seog Yu, Young Soo Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Because adults dislike the visibility of orthodontic appliances, the use of the lingual orthodontic technique has increased over time. But few studies compare tooth movement of the lingual technique with that of the labial technique. In this study, human mandibular left teeth were aligned, and a 3-dimensional finite element model was made (consisting of 19382 nodes and 12150 elements). To compare the effect of compensating curves on canine retraction between the lingual and the labial orthodontic techniques, the compensating curve was increased on the .016-in stainless steel labial or lingual archwire, and a 150-g force was applied distally on the canine. The relative direction and the amount of tooth displacement of the finite element model were compared on a schematic displacement graph (magnified 10,000 times), and the compressive stress distributed on the root surface was observed. The pattern of tooth movement (with or without a compensating curve) was different between the labial and the lingual techniques. As the amount of compensating curve increased (0, 2, and 4 mm) in the archwire, the rotation and the distal tipping of the canine was reduced. The antitip and antirotation action of compensating curve on the canine retraction was greater in the labial archwire than in the lingual archwire.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-450
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume123
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

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