A comparison of endoscopic and microscopic inlay butterfly cartilage tympanoplasties and their educational utility

Noor Dina Hashim, Se A. Lee, Seung Hyun Jang, In Seok Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives Inlay butterfly cartilage tympanoplasty (IBCT) is a simple grafting technique. Endoscopy facilitates visualization by eliminating blind spots. We analyzed the outcomes of IBCT using both endoscopic and microscopic approaches, and assessed how trainees perceived the educational opportunities afforded. Materials and methods Sixty patients who underwent IBCT were allocated to Group I (n = 30; microscopic IBCT) and Group II (n = 30; endoscopic IBCT) by the dates of their visits. Anatomical success was defined as an intact, repaired tympanic membrane; functional success was defined as a significant decrease in the air–bone gap. Postoperative discomfort was analyzed using a visual analog scale (VAS). Thirteen trainees completed structured questionnaires exploring anatomical identification and the surgical steps. Results The surgical success rates were 96.7% in Group I and 100% in Group II. We found no between-group differences in the mean decrease in the air–bone gap or the extent of postoperative discomfort. Significant postoperative hearing improvements were evident in both groups. The mean operative time was shorter when the microscopic approach was chosen (17.7±4.53 vs. 26.13±9.94 min). The two approaches significantly differed in terms of the identification of external and middle ear anatomical features by the trainees, and their understanding of the surgical steps. Conclusion Both endoscopic and microscopic IBCT were associated with good success rates. The endoscopic approach facilitates visualization, and a better understanding of the middle ear anatomy and the required surgical steps and thus is of greater educational utility.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0241152
JournalPloS one
Issue number10 October
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Hashim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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