A comparison of mesh refinement in the global MPAS-A and WRF models using an idealized normal-mode baroclinic wave simulation

Sang Hun Park, Joseph B. Klemp, William C. Skamarock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Idealized normal-mode baroclinic wave simulations are conducted to examine the impact of continuousmesh refinement compared with stepwise changes in resolution using nested grids. The nested-grid results are produced using theAdvancedResearchWeather Research and Forecasting (WRF-ARW)Model, hereafterARW, and the continuous refinement results are produced using the atmospheric component of the Model for Prediction Across Scales-Atmosphere (MPAS-A). For the nested domain simulations with the ARW, variants of both one-way and two-way nesting techniques are examined. Significant reflection and distortion of waves are evident in results using one-way nesting, with the error increasing with decreasing boundary-update frequency. With continuous updating of the boundary conditions in one-way and two-way nesting, wave distortion is still evident near the lateral boundaries but the distortion is much less than with infrequent boundary updates. The conformal Voronoi meshes inMPAS provide a much smoother transition between mesh resolutions. Variableresolution mesh MPAS-A simulations, using different transition zones between high- and low-resolution regions, are compared with the results from the ARW simulations. In the MPAS-A simulations, there is no significant reflection of gravity waves, suggesting that continuous mesh refinement can eliminate distortions that tend to occur along the boundaries of nested meshes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3614-3634
Number of pages21
JournalMonthly Weather Review
Volume142
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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baroclinic wave
atmosphere
prediction
simulation
gravity wave
transition zone
boundary condition
global model
comparison

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

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A comparison of mesh refinement in the global MPAS-A and WRF models using an idealized normal-mode baroclinic wave simulation. / Park, Sang Hun; Klemp, Joseph B.; Skamarock, William C.

In: Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 142, No. 10, 01.01.2014, p. 3614-3634.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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