There are limited studies comparing the effect of current smoking on first-generation (1G)-drug-eluting stents (DES) and secondgeneration (2G)-DES in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We investigated the clinical impact of current smoking on 2-year clinical outcomes between the 1G-DES and the 2G-DES in AMI patients after PCI. A total of 11,812 AMI patients with a history of current smoking who underwent successful PCI with 1G-DES (n=4622) or 2G-DES (n=7190) were enrolled. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as all-cause death, recurrent AMI (re-MI) or any revascularization (target lesion revascularization [TLR], target vessel revascularization [TVR], and non-TVR). The secondary endpoint was the incidence of definite or probable stent thrombosis (ST). Two propensity score-matched (PSM) groups (3900 pairs, n=7800, C-statistic=.708) were generated. After PSM analysis, the 2-year cumulative incidence of MACE was significantly higher in the 1G-DES group compared with the 2G-DES (9.4% vs 7.4%, Logrank P=.002; hazard ratio, 1.281; 95% confidence interval, 1.097-1.495; P=.002) and this increased incidence of MACE was associated with the increased incidence of any revascularization including TLR, TVR, and non-TVR. However, the incidences of ST, all-cause death, re-MI were not significantly different during 2-year follow-up period. 2G-DES was the preferred treatment strategy for AMI patients with a history of current smoking to reduce MACE especially, any revascularization rate rather than 1G-DES in this study.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a fund (2016-ER6304-02) by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
© 2019 the Author(s).
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