MXenes are a new class of two-dimensional materials that have attracted significant attention owing to their unique and versatile properties, including surface functionality, tunable interlayer spacing, and high photothermal efficiency. Research on MXene-based membranes is still in its early stages; this review aims to provide a general overview and perspectives of MXenes, including their synthesis, surface chemistry, interlayer tuning, membrane fabrication, and applications for water purification. Recent progress in the preparation of MXene-based membranes is also summarized, particularly focusing on nanofiltration, forward osmosis, pervaporation, and solar distillation. In addition, future perspectives and issues are discussed to provide insight into the development of MXene-based membranes and their practical separation applications.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by an internal grant ( 20210451 ) from the Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology (KICT). This work was also supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) ( NRF-2020R1C1C1003289 ) and the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF- 2019R1A6A1A11055660 ).
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)
- Water Science and Technology
- Mechanical Engineering