With the increase in the varieties products and the increasing uncertainty about product demand, the production preparation time is a significant factor in addressing these issues. The tradeoff between the reduction of the production preparation time and the associated cost remains a critical decision. With this backdrop, this study presents a continuous review production-inventory model with a variable production preparation time and a time-dependent setup cost. The demand during the preparation time is captured through a min-max distribution-free approach. In a stochastic framework, the order quantity, reorder point, and setup time are optimized by minimizing the expected cost considering the time-value effect. Further, a fuzzy model is formulated to tackle the imprecise nature of the production setup time and demand. Two algorithms are developed using an analytical approach to obtain the optimal solution. A numerical illustration is given to present the key insights of the model for effective inventory management. It is observed that order quantity and total cost are more sensitive at the lower side of the optimal setup time rather than at the higher side. The discount rate is also found to be a sensitive factor while minimizing the total expected cost.
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