A Controlled Carburization Process to Obtain Graphene–Fe3C–Fe Composites

Yi You, Masamichi Yoshimura, Sagar Cholake, Gwan Hyoung Lee, Veena Sahajwalla, Rakesh Joshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Significant progresses have been made toward the understanding of graphene growth on metal substrates via chemical vapor deposition method. Cu and Ni are the most studied catalysts for producing high-quality graphene. Among the transitional metal group, Fe also has the potential as a substrate for growth of graphene. However, the complexity of phase transformation in Fe and the thermodynamically preferable formation of iron carbide at the ambient temperature limit extensive use of Fe for graphene growth. Herein, the concurrent formation of graphene and Fe3C by optimizing the growth time and cooling rate in graphene growth on Fe substrate is reported. Also, the influence of Fe phases (ferrite and austenite) on the graphene growth is studied. Graphene grain growth on Fe substrate is observed via ultrahigh temperature confocal microscope. The in situ observation confirms that graphene grains are grown around the Fe grain boundaries during the cooling process. The systematic study provides a profound insight into graphene growth on Fe substrate and thus paves a way toward development of graphene-based steel products for various applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800599
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 23

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Controlled Carburization Process to Obtain Graphene–Fe<sub>3</sub>C–Fe Composites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    You, Y., Yoshimura, M., Cholake, S., Lee, G. H., Sahajwalla, V., & Joshi, R. (2018). A Controlled Carburization Process to Obtain Graphene–Fe3C–Fe Composites. Advanced Materials Interfaces, 5(16), [1800599]. https://doi.org/10.1002/admi.201800599