This article develops an incomplete contract model of the licensing relationship to analyze the dynamic effects of licensing on R & D competition in the innovation market and to examine the rationale for often observed "grant-back" clauses. Of particular concern are how the consideration of future competition distorts the licensing relationship and how the grant-back clause can mitigate this distortion. I also evaluate the validity of the casual antitrust argument that grant-back clauses may adversely affect competition because they reduce the licensee's incentive to engage in R & D and thereby limit rivalry in innovation markets.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Economics and Econometrics