Designing and distributing effective vehicular safety applications can help significantly reduce the number of car accidents and assure the safety of many precious lives. However, despite the efforts from standardization bodies and industrial manufacturers, many studies suggest that it will take more than a decade for full deployment. We start this work with the hypothesis that smartphones may be suitable platforms for catalyzing the distribution of vehicular safety systems. Specifically, smartphones connected to their respective cellular networks can report sensing data to back-end application servers and exchange safety-related messages. This paper first evaluates the performance of the vehicular ad-hoc networking standards and the hardware platforms that implement them. Next, we perform empirical evaluations on the performance of cellular networks to confirm their applicability in vehicular networking. Based on our observations, we present the VoCell application development framework. VoCell, comprehends a set of components that eases the development of smartphone applications for vehicular networking applications. Using VoCell, developers can easily access internal and external sensing components and share this data to servers. We present a number of example applications developed using VoCell and evaluate their effectiveness in local and highway environments using a pilot deployment. We envision that VoCell can act as a building block for enabling new smartphone-based systems for vehicular networking applications.
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© 2002-2012 IEEE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering