A flexible multimodal tactile display array for virtual shape and texture

Choonghyun Son, Kyungmin Ko, Hyunjoo Jenny Lee, Kyungwhan Na, Jiseok Han, Kwang Seok Yun, Eui Sung Yoon, Euntai Kim, Il Joo Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multimodal tactile display systems that are capable of delivering versatile tactile information effectively are of great interest for virtual reality and tele-operation applications. In this paper, we present a new flexible multimodal tactile display system that delivers shape and texture information simultaneously using a single actuator. The proposed tactile display is actuated by a combination of electromagnetic and pneumatic forces and thus exhibits high tactile force to deliver shape information and large vibration amplitude to deliver texture information. In addition, the proposed tactile display device was implemented on a flexible PDMS structure to allow for tight attachment on any curved body to transfer reliable tactile information. By applying a current pulse of 300 mA for 5 ms, we readily controlled the state of the tactile actuator and measured the actuation displacement of 900 μm and the generated force of 20.1 gf. The average vibration amplitude of 30 μm was measured over a wide dynamic range (25–650 Hz) with an applied current of 74 mA. Lastly, by delivering various tactile information to users, we verified the functionalities of the implemented 4 × 1 multimodal tactile display array. User study results showed that the fabricated multimodal tactile display system successfully delivered both shape information with an accuracy of 73 % and texture information with an accuracy of 90 %. This work demonstrates the potential of our multimodal tactile display system for uses in various applications such as tele-operation, tactile communication, and visual presentation for visually impaired.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2587-2594
Number of pages8
JournalMicrosystem Technologies
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1

Fingerprint

textures
Textures
Display devices
display devices
Actuators
actuators
Flexible structures
vibration
virtual reality
pneumatics
Pneumatics
Virtual reality
actuation
dynamic range
attachment
communication
electromagnetism
Communication
pulses

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Son, C., Ko, K., Lee, H. J., Na, K., Han, J., Yun, K. S., ... Cho, I. J. (2016). A flexible multimodal tactile display array for virtual shape and texture. Microsystem Technologies, 22(10), 2587-2594. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-015-2634-0
Son, Choonghyun ; Ko, Kyungmin ; Lee, Hyunjoo Jenny ; Na, Kyungwhan ; Han, Jiseok ; Yun, Kwang Seok ; Yoon, Eui Sung ; Kim, Euntai ; Cho, Il Joo. / A flexible multimodal tactile display array for virtual shape and texture. In: Microsystem Technologies. 2016 ; Vol. 22, No. 10. pp. 2587-2594.
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Son, C, Ko, K, Lee, HJ, Na, K, Han, J, Yun, KS, Yoon, ES, Kim, E & Cho, IJ 2016, 'A flexible multimodal tactile display array for virtual shape and texture', Microsystem Technologies, vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 2587-2594. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-015-2634-0

A flexible multimodal tactile display array for virtual shape and texture. / Son, Choonghyun; Ko, Kyungmin; Lee, Hyunjoo Jenny; Na, Kyungwhan; Han, Jiseok; Yun, Kwang Seok; Yoon, Eui Sung; Kim, Euntai; Cho, Il Joo.

In: Microsystem Technologies, Vol. 22, No. 10, 01.10.2016, p. 2587-2594.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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