The essential elements required for any sensors are a receptor, a signal converter, and a detector. Here, we report the construction of bacterial biosensors in which all of the required biosensor elements are furnished in one supramolecular assembly. The supramolecular biosensor is based on a double-layered octa-helical coiled-coil peptide assembly that contains tetravalent bioreceptors on the outer surface and environment-sensitive fluorophores in the core. The signal conversion takes advantage of the noncovalent and reversible nature of the self-assembled system, i.e., the multivalent binding of bacteria induces conformational changes in the supramolecular state, which is translated into differential fluorescence emissions. We show that fluorescent supramolecular biosensors (fSBs) can selectively detect E. coli over other bacteria. Because the fSBs were resistant to heat-induced denaturation, they retained their bacterial-sensing capability even at an elevated temperature (50 ℃). Biosensors based on responsive supramolecular assemblies can be further developed to detect various large and flat biological objects and biomacromolecules.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry