A Further Extension of the Extended Parallel Process Model (E-EPPM): Implications of Cognitive Appraisal Theory of Emotion and Dispositional Coping Style

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Abstract

For two decades, the extended parallel process model (EPPM; Witte, 1992) has been one of the most widely used theoretical frameworks in health risk communication. The model has gained much popularity because it recognizes that, ironically, preceding fear appeal models do not incorporate the concept of fear as a legitimate and central part of them. As a remedy to this situation, the EPPM aims at "putting the fear back into fear appeals" (Witte, 1992, p. 330). Despite this attempt, however, this article argues that the EPPM still does not fully capture the essence of fear as an emotion. Specifically, drawing upon Lazarus's (1991) cognitive appraisal theory of emotion and the concept of dispositional coping style (Miller, 1995), this article seeks to further extend the EPPM. The revised EPPM incorporates a more comprehensive perspective on risk perceptions as a construct involving both cognitive and affective aspects (i.e., fear and anxiety) and integrates the concept of monitoring and blunting coping style as a moderator of further information seeking regarding a given risk topic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-83
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Communication
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Fear
Emotions
coping
emotion
anxiety
Risk perception
Moderators
Health risks
appeal
Health Communication
Monitoring
Communication
risk communication
moderator
health risk
Anxiety
remedies
popularity
monitoring

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Communication

Cite this

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