Gait recognition appears to be a valuable asset when conventional biometrics cannot be employed. Nonetheless, recognizing human by gait is not a trivial task due to the complex human kinematic structure and other external factors affecting human locomotion. A major challenge in gait recognition is view variation. A large difference between the views in the query and reference sets often leads to performance deterioration. In this paper, we show how to generate virtual views to compensate the view difference in the query and reference sets, making it possible to match the query and reference sets using standardized views. The proposed method, which combines multiview matrix representation and a novel randomized kernel extreme learning machine, is an end-to-end solution for view change problem under Grassmann manifold treatment. Under the right condition, the view-tagging problem can be eliminated. Since the recording angle and walking direction of the subject are not always available, this is particularly valuable for a practical gait recognition system. We present several working scenarios for multiview recognition that have not be considered before. Rigorous experiments have been conducted on two challenging benchmark databases containing multiview gait datasets. Experiments show that the proposed approach outperforms several state-of-the-arts methods.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2013006574) and Fundamental Research Grant Scheme under the Malaysian Ministry of Education. This paper was recommended by Associate Editor S. Zafeiriou.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Information Systems
- Human-Computer Interaction
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering