A Kinetics of Hydrogen Reduction of Nickel Oxide at Moderate Temperature

Dong Soo Lee, Dong Joon Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nano-metallic nickel powders are highly-valued materials applied in energy, electronic devices and aerospace, which is known to be produced by the gaseous phase reduction method of NiCl2. In the case of a gaseous reduction method, size control is difficult due to the agglomeration of nickel powders. Therefore, a method of producing highly-valued nickel nano-powders from Ni(OH)2 has been proposed. Considering the reduction behavior of bulk nickel oxide has been reported to follow the topo-chemical model. However, reduction behavior of nano-particle is expected to be unknown state. It is necessary to clarify the mechanism of nickel oxide nano-particle reduction. Therefore, in this study, the temperature dependence and particle size dependence on the reduction behavior of from micro scale to nano scale particle was confirmed through TGA experiment. Also, the reduction mechanism of nickel oxide powder was also investigated based on kinetic considerations using the grain topo-chemical model. It was confirmed that the reduction reaction of nickel oxide powder undergoes through the 2nd Avrami model and reduction rate can be expressed by function of temperature and particle size of the powder. Due to the part of the diffusion, the particle size of the powder also affects the rate constant of the reduction reaction.g (x)= k·f (d)·t.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)982-990
Number of pages9
JournalMetals and Materials International
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 1

Fingerprint

Nickel oxide
nickel oxides
Hydrogen
Powders
Kinetics
kinetics
hydrogen
Temperature
Nickel
temperature
nickel
Particle size
nickel monoxide
agglomeration
Rate constants
Agglomeration
temperature dependence
electronics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Nano-metallic nickel powders are highly-valued materials applied in energy, electronic devices and aerospace, which is known to be produced by the gaseous phase reduction method of NiCl2. In the case of a gaseous reduction method, size control is difficult due to the agglomeration of nickel powders. Therefore, a method of producing highly-valued nickel nano-powders from Ni(OH)2 has been proposed. Considering the reduction behavior of bulk nickel oxide has been reported to follow the topo-chemical model. However, reduction behavior of nano-particle is expected to be unknown state. It is necessary to clarify the mechanism of nickel oxide nano-particle reduction. Therefore, in this study, the temperature dependence and particle size dependence on the reduction behavior of from micro scale to nano scale particle was confirmed through TGA experiment. Also, the reduction mechanism of nickel oxide powder was also investigated based on kinetic considerations using the grain topo-chemical model. It was confirmed that the reduction reaction of nickel oxide powder undergoes through the 2nd Avrami model and reduction rate can be expressed by function of temperature and particle size of the powder. Due to the part of the diffusion, the particle size of the powder also affects the rate constant of the reduction reaction.g (x)= k·f (d)·t.",
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A Kinetics of Hydrogen Reduction of Nickel Oxide at Moderate Temperature. / Lee, Dong Soo; Min, Dong Joon.

In: Metals and Materials International, Vol. 25, No. 4, 01.07.2019, p. 982-990.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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