A least squares finite element method using Elsasser variables for magnetohydrodynamic equations

Eunjung Lee, Heonkyu Ha, Sang Dong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There are various different forms of magnetohydrodynamic(MHD) equations and they have been studied for years due to its complicated coupling between variables. This paper proposes to use an equivalently transformed MHD equations with Elsasser variables and the least squares finite element method to find the approximation to them. Introducing new variables by combining fluid velocity and magnetic field yields a Navier–Stokes like system. Then the first-order system least squares method using displacement recasts the transformed MHD equations into a system of first order partial differential equations and the Newton's algorithm linearizes the problem. An L2-residual functional is defined to minimize and the unique existence of corresponding weak solution is shown. Finally, the convergence of proposed approximation is analyzed and several numerical examples are presented to verify the theory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-608
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Computational and Applied Mathematics
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The first author’s work was supported by basic science research program through the NRF of Korea NRF-2015R1D1A1A01056909 and NRF-2015R1A5A1009350 .

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

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