Structural health monitoring (SHM) and safety assessment are very important areas for evaluating the behavior of structures. Various wired and wireless sensors can measure the physical responses of structures, such as displacement or strain. One recently developed wireless technique is a light imaging detection and ranging (LiDAR) system that can remotely acquire three-dimensional (3D) high-precision coordinate information using 3D laser scanning. LiDAR systems have been previously used in geographic information systems (GIS) to collect information on geography and terrain. Recently, however, LiDAR is used in the SHM field to analyze structural behavior, as it can remotely detect the surface and deformation shape of structures without the need for attached sensors. This study demonstrates a strain evaluation method using a LiDAR system in order to analyze the behavior of steel structures. To evaluate the strains of structures from the initial and deformed shape, a combination of distributed 3D point cloud data and finite element methods (FEM) was used. The distributed 3D point cloud data were reconstructed into a 3D mesh model, and strains were calculated using the FEM. By using the proposed method, the strain could be calculated at any point on a structure for SHM and safety assessment during construction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering