A magnesiothermic route to multicomponent nanocomposites of FeSi 2@Si@graphene and FeSi2@Si with promising anode performance

Kanyaporn Adpakpang, Ji Eun Park, Seung Mi Oh, Sung Jin Kim, Seong Ju Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The multicomponent nanocomposites of FeSi2@Si@graphene and FeSi2@Si are synthesized via the magnesiothermic reduction of core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles with/without graphene oxide shell. In the course of the magnesiothermic reaction, the SiO2 and Fe3O4 components in the Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell particles are transformed into elemental Si and FeSi2, respectively. The formation of intimately-coupled composite structure consisting of Si and FeSi2 domains as well as the coating of graphene layer is verified by high resolution-transmission electron microscopy. Both the nanocomposites of FeSi2@Si@graphene and FeSi2@Si show promising anode performance for lithium ion batteries, indicating a beneficial role of the electrochemically inactive FeSi2 domains in alleviating the drastic expansion/contraction of elemental Si during the electrochemical cycling. The better cyclability and rate characteristic are obtained for the FeSi 2@Si@graphene nanocomposite than for the graphene-free FeSi 2@Si one, which is attributable to the depression of pulverization and the enhancement of electrical conductivity upon the coating of graphene layer. The present work highlights that the magnesiothermic reaction provides a powerful synthetic route to multicomponent Si-based nanocomposites with tailored composition and complex geometry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-492
Number of pages10
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume136
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 1

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Graphene
Nanocomposites
Anodes
Coatings
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Composite structures
Oxides
Nanoparticles
Geometry
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The multicomponent nanocomposites of FeSi2@Si@graphene and FeSi2@Si are synthesized via the magnesiothermic reduction of core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles with/without graphene oxide shell. In the course of the magnesiothermic reaction, the SiO2 and Fe3O4 components in the Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell particles are transformed into elemental Si and FeSi2, respectively. The formation of intimately-coupled composite structure consisting of Si and FeSi2 domains as well as the coating of graphene layer is verified by high resolution-transmission electron microscopy. Both the nanocomposites of FeSi2@Si@graphene and FeSi2@Si show promising anode performance for lithium ion batteries, indicating a beneficial role of the electrochemically inactive FeSi2 domains in alleviating the drastic expansion/contraction of elemental Si during the electrochemical cycling. The better cyclability and rate characteristic are obtained for the FeSi 2@Si@graphene nanocomposite than for the graphene-free FeSi 2@Si one, which is attributable to the depression of pulverization and the enhancement of electrical conductivity upon the coating of graphene layer. The present work highlights that the magnesiothermic reaction provides a powerful synthetic route to multicomponent Si-based nanocomposites with tailored composition and complex geometry.",
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A magnesiothermic route to multicomponent nanocomposites of FeSi 2@Si@graphene and FeSi2@Si with promising anode performance. / Adpakpang, Kanyaporn; Park, Ji Eun; Oh, Seung Mi; Kim, Sung Jin; Hwang, Seong Ju.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 136, 01.08.2014, p. 483-492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kim, Sung Jin

AU - Hwang, Seong Ju

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AB - The multicomponent nanocomposites of FeSi2@Si@graphene and FeSi2@Si are synthesized via the magnesiothermic reduction of core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2 nanoparticles with/without graphene oxide shell. In the course of the magnesiothermic reaction, the SiO2 and Fe3O4 components in the Fe3O4@SiO2 core-shell particles are transformed into elemental Si and FeSi2, respectively. The formation of intimately-coupled composite structure consisting of Si and FeSi2 domains as well as the coating of graphene layer is verified by high resolution-transmission electron microscopy. Both the nanocomposites of FeSi2@Si@graphene and FeSi2@Si show promising anode performance for lithium ion batteries, indicating a beneficial role of the electrochemically inactive FeSi2 domains in alleviating the drastic expansion/contraction of elemental Si during the electrochemical cycling. The better cyclability and rate characteristic are obtained for the FeSi 2@Si@graphene nanocomposite than for the graphene-free FeSi 2@Si one, which is attributable to the depression of pulverization and the enhancement of electrical conductivity upon the coating of graphene layer. The present work highlights that the magnesiothermic reaction provides a powerful synthetic route to multicomponent Si-based nanocomposites with tailored composition and complex geometry.

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