A magnetic tunnel junction based zero standby leakage current retention flip-flop

Kyungho Ryu, Jisu Kim, Jiwan Jung, Jung Pill Kim, Seung H. Kang, Seong Ook Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ), which is a strong candidate as a next-generation memory element, has been used not only as a memory cell but also in spintronics logic because of its excellent properties of nonvolatility, no silicon area occupation, and CMOS process compatibility. One of the representative research areas for the spintronics logic is the zero standby leakage retention flip-flop. Conventional zero standby leakage retention flip-flops have several problems, including difficulty in design optimization among the C-Q delay, sensing current, and process variation tolerance, and the insufficient write current. In this paper, a new MTJ based retention flip-flop is presented to solve these problems. The proposed retention flip-flop is designed using industry-compatible 45-nm process technology model. The proposed retention flip-flop achieves a 41.58% reduced C-Q delay and a 67.53% lowered sensing current with a 1.06% increased area compared to the previous retention flip-flop.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6093717
Pages (from-to)2044-2053
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A magnetic tunnel junction based zero standby leakage current retention flip-flop'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this