Escherichia coli cells with autodisplayed Z-domains have been used for immunoassays of specific target analytes. In this study, a magnetite suspension was used for the washing step in immunoassays of E. coli cells with autodisplayed Z-domains. This approach enhanced the washing conditions for these immunoassays by determining (1) the optimal concentration of the magnetite suspension, (2) the capacity of the magnetite suspension-based washing method to recover E. coli cells, and (3) the level at which the activity of autodisplayed Z-domains is maintained. In immunoassays of C-reactive protein (CRP), the immunoassay incorporating the magnetite suspension-based washing method showed a sensitivity and limit of detection considerably higher than those of the conventional centrifugation-based washing method. The results indicated that immunoassays incorporating the magnetite suspension-based washing method are effective for medical diagnoses based on CRP assay.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology