Background: Recently, a new scoring system was developed that uses the red blood cell distribution width (RDW), delta neutrophil index (DNI), and platelet count (PC) to predict mortality in patients with sepsis. We investigated whether a modified simple scoring system based on the RDW, DNI, and mean platelet volume-to-PC (MPV/PC) ratio could predict the mortality of patients with sepsis, and compared it to the previous scoring system. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 264 adults who had been treated for sepsis in an emergency department between January 2016 and February 2019. Each patient was rated on a scale of 0 to 3 according to the modified scoring system. Point values were assigned based on RDW > 14.5%, DNI > 5.0%, and MPV/PC ratio >10.1. Results: The 28-day mortality rate was 14.4%. Those who died had higher scores than those who survived (mean: 1.55 ± 0.92 vs 0.93 ± 0.78, P <.001). The area under the curve for the new scoring system was higher than that of the previous scoring system (0.685 vs 0.645). Conclusion: The modified scoring system was a good predictor of the 28-day mortality and was more useful than the previous scoring system for predicting mortality in patients with sepsis.
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© The Author(s) 2020.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine