Molecular mechanics methods have been applied to compute the energy-minimized structures of a series of 27 alkylamines and their complexes with Cr(CO)5. The MMP2 force field was employed, using the comprehensive computational program BIOGRAF. The computed structures of Cr(CO)5(L) (L = piperidine or quinuclidine) are in good agreement with the structural parameters determined by X-ray diffraction studies. In general, substantial changes in the lowest energy conformations are observed in the complexes as compared with the free ligands. The energy-minimized structures are employed to calculate a new measure of ligand steric effect, the ligand repulsive energy, ER, obtained by computing the van der Waals repulsive force acting between the ligand and Cr(CO)5 fragments along the Cr-N axis, at the equilibrium Cr-N distance, re. The repulsive force is scaled by re to obtain ER: ER = re[dEVdw(repulsive)/dr(Cr-N)]. The amine ER values correlate well with cone angle for amines (rcorr = 0.94). The amine ER values are compared with those of phosphines. The advantages of ER as a measure of ligand steric effect are also described.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry