A multicenter collaborative study by the Korean society of vitiligo about patients' occupations and the provoking factors of vitiligo

In Kyung Jeon, Chul Jong Park, Mu Hyoung Lee, Dong Youn Lee, Hee Young Kang, Seung Kyung Hann, Gwang Seong Choi, Hee Jung Lee, Tae Heung Kim, Ai Young Lee, Sang Ho Oh

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Abstract

Background: It was previously thought that persons with genetic predispositions to vitiligo develop the condition after exposure to various precipitating environmental factors. However, in many cases, the aggravating factors of vitiligo have not been clearly identified. Objective: To identify the aggravating factors of vitiligo in the working environment and daily life. Methods: A total of 489 vitiligo patients were recruited from 10 institutions in South Korea; patients were provided with a questionnaire about environmental factors and behavior patterns in the workplace and in daily life, and their association with vitiligo. Results: Ninety-five of the 470 enrolled patients (20.2%) answered that environmental risk factors in daily life and in the workplace affected the development of vitiligo. The most frequently attributed causes were trauma and burn (13.6%), followed by sunlight (12.8%), stress (12.8%), cleaning products/disinfectant/chemicals (4.9%), and hair dye (2.1%). Conclusion: Vitiligo of the hand and foot was associated with frequent exposure to aggravating materials and overexposure to sunlight, along with frequent trauma of these areas, all of which could be considered important risk factors of vitiligo. The development of vitiligo could potentially be controlled through the early detection of aggravating factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-356
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Dermatology
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Jeon, I. K., Park, C. J., Lee, M. H., Lee, D. Y., Kang, H. Y., Hann, S. K., Choi, G. S., Lee, H. J., Kim, T. H., Lee, A. Y., & Oh, S. H. (2014). A multicenter collaborative study by the Korean society of vitiligo about patients' occupations and the provoking factors of vitiligo. Annals of Dermatology, 26(3), 349-356. https://doi.org/10.5021/ad.2014.26.3.349