A multicenter retrospective analysis of the antifungal susceptibility patterns of Candida species and the predictive factors of mortality in South Korean patients with candidemia

In Young Jung, Su Jin Jeong, Young Keun Kim, Hyo Youl Kim, Young Goo Song, June Myung Kim, Jun Yong Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As detection rates of non-albicans Candida species are increasing, determining their pathogen profiles and antifungal susceptibilities is important for antifungal treatment selection. We identified the antifungal susceptibility patterns and predictive factors for mortality in candidemia.A multicenter retrospective analysis of patients with at least 1 blood culture positive for Candida species was conducted. Candida species were classified into 3 groups (group A, Candia albicans; group B, Candida tropicalis, and Candida parasilosis; group C, Candida glabrata and Candida krusei ) to analyze the susceptibility patterns, first-line antifungal administered, and mortality. Univariate and multivariate comparisons between outcomes were performed to identify mortality risk factors.In total, 317 patients were identified, and 136 (42.9%) had recorded mortality. Echinocandin susceptibility was higher for group A than group B (111/111 [100%] vs 77/94 [81.9%], P < .001). Moreover, group A demonstrated higher fluconazole susceptibility (144/149 [96.6%] vs 39/55 [70.9%], P < .001) and lower mortality (68 [45.3%] vs 34 [61.8%], P = .036) than those of group C. In the multivariate analysis, the sequential organ failure assessment score (odds ratio OR 1.351, 95% confidence interval 1.067-1.711, p = 0.013) and positive blood culture on day 7 of hospitalization (odds ratio 5.506, 95% confidence interval, 1.697-17.860, P = .004) were associated with a higher risk of mortality.Patients with higher sequential organ failure assessment scores and sustained positive blood cultures have an increased risk of mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e19494
JournalMedicine
Volume99
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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