New hollow ring defect structure is introduced in photonic crystal fiber design for ultra- flat zero dispersion with very low waveguide losses. The hollow ring defect consisted of a central hole surrounded by a doped silica ring provides highly flexible defect engineering capabilities in photonic crystal fibers to achieve precise control of dispersion value and dispersion slope while independently maintaining low waveguide losses, which was not attainable in previous designs. A nearly flat zero dispersion of D=0±0.51 ps/nm km was obtained in the wavelength range of 1.44-1.61 μm with the maximum slope of -2.7×10 -2 ps/nm 2 km. The confinement loss was less than 5.75×10 -8 dB/m along with the bending loss of 2.8×10 -6 dB/m for the radius of 10 mm, and splice loss of less than 1.57 dB to conventional single mode fiber at 1.55 μm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering