A new high-voltage calcium intercalation host for ultra-stable and high-power calcium rechargeable batteries

Zheng Long Xu, Jooha Park, Jian Wang, Hyunseok Moon, Gabin Yoon, Jongwoo Lim, Yoon Joo Ko, Sung Pyo Cho, Sang Young Lee, Kisuk Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Rechargeable calcium batteries have attracted increasing attention as promising multivalent ion battery systems due to the high abundance of calcium. However, the development has been hampered by the lack of suitable cathodes to accommodate the large and divalent Ca2+ ions at a high redox potential with sufficiently fast ionic conduction. Herein, we report a new intercalation host which presents 500 cycles with a capacity retention of 90% and a remarkable power capability at ~3.2 V (vs. Ca/Ca2+) in a calcium battery. The cathode material derived from Na0.5VPO4.8F0.7 is demonstrated to reversibly accommodate a large amount of Ca2+ ions, forming a series of CaxNa0.5VPO4.8F0.7 (0 < x < 0.5) phases without any noticeable structural degradation. The robust framework enables one of the smallest volume changes (1.4%) and the lowest diffusion barriers for Ca2+ among the cathodes reported to date, offering the basis for the outstanding cycle life and power capability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3369
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea grant (Project No. 2018R1A2A1A05079249); the Supercomputing Center/Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information including technical support (KSC−2016-C3-0069) and code (IBS-R006-A2). This work was partially supported by a grant from the Research Committee of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University under project code 1-BE3M. This work was also supported by Shell International Exploration & Production, Inc.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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