In a conventional method based on quadrature 2D Gabor wavelets to extract iris features, the iris recognition is performed by a 256-byte iris code, which is computed by applying the Gabor wavelets to a given area of the iris. However, there is a code redundancy because the iris code is generated by basis functions without considering the characteristics of the iris texture. Therefore, the size of the iris code is increased unnecessarily. In this paper we propose a new feature extraction algorithm based on independent component analysis (ICA) for a compact iris code. We implemented the ICA to generate optimal basis functions which could represent iris signals efficiently. In practice the coefficients of the ICA expansions are used as feature vectors. Then iris feature vectors are encoded into the iris code for storing and comparing individual's iris patterns. Additionally, we introduce a method to refine the ICA basis functions for improving the recognition performance. Experimental results show that our proposed method has a similar equal error rate as a conventional method based on the Gabor wavelets, and the iris code size of our proposed methods is five times smaller than that of the Gabor wavelets.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Artificial Intelligence
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering