A new method of producing sea surface temperature (SST) data for numerical weather prediction is suggested, which is obtained from the assimilation of satellite-derived SST into an atmosphere-ocean mixed layer coupledmodel. TheWeatherResearch and Forecasting (WRF)Model and theNohmixed layer model are used for the atmosphere and ocean mixed layer models, respectively. Data assimilation (DA) is carried out in two steps, based on the estimation from the covariancematchingmethod that the daily mean SST of satellite data is more accurate than themodel data, if the number of data in a grid per day is sufficiently large-that is, the daily mean SST bias correction in the firstDAand the sequential SST anomaly correction in the secondDA. For the second DA, the model restarts from the initial condition corrected by the first DA, and DA is applied every 30min using the nudgingmethod.The dailymean and the diurnal variation of satellite SST are assimilated to the bulk and skin SST, respectively. The modeled results with the new data assimilation scheme are validated by statistical comparison with independent satellite and buoy data such as correlation coefficient, root-meansquare difference, and bias. Furthermore, the sensitivity and seasonal variation of the weighting factor in the secondDAare examined. The newapproach illustrates the possibility of applying the atmosphere-oceanmixed layer coupled model for the production of SST data combined with the assimilation of satellite data.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ocean Engineering
- Atmospheric Science