We report the synthesis of a new low band gap planar polymer of poly(2,5-bis(2-decyltetradecyl)-3-(5-(dithieno[3,2-b:2′,3′-d]thiophen-2-yl)thieno[3,2-b]thiophen-2-yl)-6-(thieno[3,2-b]thiophen-2-yl)-2,5-dihydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione) (PTTDPP-DT-DTT) for use in organic thin film transistors (OTFTs). The polymer backbone is highly planar and well-conjugated, facilitating interchain stacking. The PTTDPP-DT-DTT-based OTFTs were fabricated and carrier mobilities were improved by using a binary solvent system: chloroform (CF):toluene (Tol), CF:chlorobenzene (CB), and CF:o-dichlorobenzene (DCB). The addition of higher boiling point solvents promoted film crystallinity with more edge-on orientations. Thus, the use of CF:DCB yielded the highest carrier mobility obtained among the devices tested. Thermal annealing further enhanced the mobility of the CF:DCB device. Atomic force microscopy images disclosed the most fibrous feature in the thermally annealed polymer film cast from CF:DCB solution. This work highlights that both the proper selection of a binary solvent and thermal annealing can manage film morphology of rigid planar conjugated polymer semiconductors effectively for high-performance OTFTs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology