Previously, we discovered a new compound, 1H,8H-Pyrano[3,4-c]pyran-1,8- dione (PPY), from Vitex rotundifolia L. and evaluated its anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic effects. In this study, we synthesized a new, modified compound 4-acetyl-3-methyl-6-(2-bromophenyl)pyrano[3,4-c]pyran-1,8-dione (PPY-Br) based on the PPY skeleton and evaluated its anti-inflammatory effects in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated microglia. PPY-Br suppresses nitric oxide production, inducible nitric oxide synthase expression, and tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 production in LPS-activated BV-2 microglial cell line and mouse primary microglia. The effect of PPY-Br on the activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB was examined to identify the mechanism involved. The LPS-induced translocation of NF-κB to the nucleus and phosphorylation of inhibitory-kappaB were almost completely blocked by PPY-Br. This study indicates that PPY-Br significantly attenuates the level of neurotoxic, proinflammatory mediators and proinflammatory cytokines via inhibition of the NF-κB signaling pathway. We suggest that PPY-Br presents a new candidate treatment for various neuro-inflammatory diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience