To support a massive number of connected cars, a novel channel access scheme for next-generation vehicle-to-anything (V2X) systems is proposed in this paper. In the design of the proposed scheme, two essential aspects are carefully considered: backward compatibility and massive V2X support. Since IEEE 802.11p-based V2X networks are already being deployed and used for intelligent transport systems, next-generation V2X shall be designed considering IEEE 802.11p-based V2X networks to provide backward compatibility. Since all future cars are expected to be equipped with a V2X communication device, a dense V2X communication scenario will be common and massive V2X communication support will be required. In the proposed scheme, IEEE 802.11-based extension is employed to provide backward compatibility and the emerging IEEE 802.11ax standard-based orthogonal frequency-division multiple access is adopted and extended to provide massive V2X support. The proposed scheme is further extended with a dedicated V2X channel and a scheduled V2X channel access to ensure high capacity and low latency to meet the requirements of the future V2X communication systems. To demonstrate the performance of the proposed scheme thoroughly and rigorously, the proposed scheme is mathematically analyzed using a Markov model and extensive simulations are performed. In the dense V2X communication networks of the future, the proposed V2X communication scheme will provide high performance and reliability.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning, grant number NRF-2017R1A2B4003987.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes