A pentacoordinate chlorotrimethylsilane derivative: A very polar snapshot of a nucleophilic substitution and its influence on29Si solid state NMR properties

Erica Brendler, Thomas Heine, Anthony F. Hill, Jörg Wagler

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reaction of l-methyl-2-mercaptoimidazole (methimazole) with chloromethyldimethylchlorosilane (ClCH2)Si(CH3) 2Cl in the presence of triethylamine afforded the l-methylimidazol-2ylthiomethyl-substituted silane 1. The pentacoordinate silicon, atom of 1 is housed within an. almost trigonal bipyramidal coordination sphere, i.e., the three equatorially situated C - Si - C angles sum up to 359.5(3)°. The axial situation of the still Si-bound chlorine atom with its remarkably long Si-Cl separation of 2.5123(3) Å and a trani-situated imidazolyl nitrogen donor constitute a very polart molecule, the resulting intermolecular interactions of which in the solid state were investigated crystallographically and by 29Si CP/ MAS NMR spectroscopy. Single crystals of 1 revealed significantly lower susceptibility towards temperature changes along the crystallographic α-axis, which, is the axis along which chains of the polar molecules are aligned. Hence, the 29Si NMR shielding tensor, experimentally determined by CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy, could only be simulated to a satisfactory extent when taking these intermolecular interactions into account.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1300-1305
Number of pages6
JournalZeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie
Volume635
Issue number9-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Inorganic Chemistry

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