Background: We conducted a Phase I clinical trial to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of CKD-732 [6-O-(4-dimethylaminoethoxy) cinnamoyl fumagillol hemioxalate] in combination with capecitabine and oxaliplatin (XELOX) in nine metastatic colorectal cancer patients who had progressed on irinotecan-based chemotherapy. Methods: Using a dose-escalation schedule, CKD-732 doses of 2, 5, or 10 mg/m 2/d were administered twice weekly for 2 weeks, followed by a 1-week rest. Oxaliplatin (130 mg/m 2) was administered on day 1, and capecitabine (1,000 mg/m 2 twice a day) was orally administered for 14 days of a 3-week cycle. Results: In the group given the 10 mg/m 2/d dose, two patients experienced dose limiting toxicities (one had grade 3 nausea, insomnia, and fatigue; the other had grade 3 insomnia). The maximum tolerated dose was 10 mg/m 2/d, and the clinically recommended dose was 5 mg/m 2/d for CKD-732 in combination with XELOX. Frequently encountered non-hematological grade 3/4 adverse events included insomnia (22.2%), fatigue (11.1%), sensory neuropathy (11.1%), hyperbilirubinemia (11.1%), and dyspnea (11.1%). The area under the concentration-time curve and maximum concentration of CKD-732 increased in a dose-dependent manner. There were no notable effects of CKD-732 on the PK of capecitabine and oxaliplatin-derived platinum. Conclusion: The Phase II recommended dose of CKD-732 was determined to be 5 mg/m 2/d, and this dose was safely combined with a conventional dose of capecitabine and oxaliplatin in this patient population. Further studies on the effects of CKD-732 in combination with XELOX and other chemotherapies using a larger study population are warranted.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgements This work was supported by a Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) grant funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Korea (R11-2000-082-02008-0) and grants from the Korean Ministry for Health, Welfare and Family Affairs (01-PJ1-PG4-01PT01-0004 and A050083).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)