Background: The precise fit of an implant prosthesis is considered to be a prerequisite for the success and maintenance of osseointegration. It is unknown how much static stress can be tolerated at the implant-bone interface with ill-fitting prostheses for the two different types of retention (cement vs screw). Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the stress pattern and magnitude in the supporting tissues around ITI (Straumann AG, Waldenburg, Switzerland) implants with screw- or cement-retained prostheses with marginal gaps by photoelastic analysis. Materials and Methods: A photoelastic model of a human mandible, partially edentulous distal to the canine, was made of PL-2 resin. Three ITI implants (4.1×10mm, Straumann AG, Waldenburg, Switzerland) were placed in the posterior edentulous region, and screw- or cement-retained three-unit fixed partial dentures (FPDs) were fabricated. Ill-fitting prostheses were made by placing a 100-μm gap between the abutments and the superstructures on the second premolar or the first molar. A static vertical force of 134 N was applied at three loading points on each prosthesis. Photoelastic stress analysis was carried out to measure the fringe order around the implant-supporting structures. Results: Even in the unloaded condition, low-level stresses were generated around the implants after screw tightening or cementing the three-unit FPDs with marginal gaps. Loading on the terminal implants developed high concentrated stresses around the loaded implant, regardless of the types of restorations or the presence of gaps. However, when the middle implant was loaded, moderate stresses were distributed to the anterior and posterior implants. Conclusions: Screw-retained FPDs with gaps exhibited a wider range of stresses on the interproximal region of adjacent implants than cement-retained FPDs. However, severe misfit in the prosthesis caused the nonaxial stress transfer to the adjacent implants in the cement-retained FPDs with gaps.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery